Farming and Gardening

Brief Overview of Garden Tools and Garden Accessories

Especially as a garden beginner and hobby gardener, it is easy to get overwhelmed by the large selection of garden tools. What is a cultivator and can you use a spade instead of a digging fork? Before you buy the next best garden center empty, think about what you want to plant. For vegetable gardening, you can get by with the 6 most important gardening tools that we also put in our meine Tante gardens. If you have fruit trees, lawns, or even a pond in addition to vegetables, the list naturally expands.

Garden tools for beginners and advanced

The basic cultivation of the beds requires a spade. With it you can dig the beds. A distinction is made between spades with T- and D-handles. We recommend a spade with a T-handle, which is the optimal height for you when it reaches your lower ribs. A step edge on the spade blade helps you to work comfortably.

After digging, the surface is very uneven and covered with coarse clods. First, break up the coarse clods.

Then, to create an even and fine-crumb seed or planting bed, break up more clods as you rake. You can also use the rake to level out any unevenness, creating an even surface for seeding or planting.

Unfortunately, as the season progresses, a variety of weeds will appear alongside your vegetables. If these grow in the row with the vegetables, you will have to weed them by hand. However, the weeds between the rows can be conveniently handled with a hoe, pulling them out or separating them from the roots and then drying them out.
Tip: The hoe is especially good for dry, crusty soil.

Combi tool
The combination tool is a useful combination of a sturdy hoe and a cultivator on the other side. It is wonderful for loosening the soil and at the same time hoeing the weeds. Especially in dry weather, hoeing is very important because breaking capillaries in the soil retains a lot of water that would otherwise evaporate. Not for nothing says an old gardener saying: once hoeing saves three times water.

The cultivator is used to loosen the soil. In this way, you bring oxygen into the soil, which is essential for the healthy growth of your plants.
It comes in a variety of designs but is always characterized by teeth that “comb” the soil. The cultivator is also suitable for working a dry surface, as it is quite stable and has a small surface area.

Digging fork
A digging fork is suitable for harvesting potatoes, carrots, or other vegetables that grow underground. It also does a good job of removing couch grass, a troublesome root weed.

Hand tools
Rake, hoe, and digging fork also exist in a smaller form. This is called a hand hoe, hand cultivator, small hand rake for garden, or hand shovel. These tools are not used standing, but rather in a sitting or squatting position, they are suitable for smaller areas.

Knives and secateurs
Knives and secateurs are not only indispensable for harvesting. Already in your vegetable garden, you can use them, for example, to cut off leaves, roots, and other plant parts that you do not need from your harvest.

Hand shovel
The hand shovel is probably the most common garden tool because it has so many uses. Whether you’re planting balcony boxes, putting your young plants in the beds in your garden, repotting your houseplants, or your kids are using it to build sandcastles.

How To Keep Turkey?

An important selection method for males is selection for the development of corals, which begin to emerge after two months of age. The earlier the corals appear, the better the growers. The stocking density is 1.0–1.5 heads per square meter. m floor area. With a large livestock, the poultry house is divided into sections of 100 heads each. The partitions between the sections are made of mesh for the entire height of the house.

The poultry house is equipped with nests at the rate of 1 nest for 5 turkeys. The approximate dimensions of the nest: width – 45 cm, depth – 50 cm, height – 60 cm. The roof is made inclined so that the turkeys do not sit on it. The feeding front for adult turkeys is 20 cm and the drinking area is 4 cm per head. The room must be dry and warm. Temperature not less than 10 degrees Celsius.

In winter, daylight hours must be maintained at 14 hours, which stimulates the onset of oviposition. Average egg production per hen is 50-60 eggs per laying cycle. Turkeys have a strong incubation instinct. Therefore, in order for the egg production to be high, measures must be taken against this, since the incubating turkeys cease to lay. It is recommended to place the identified brood hens in separate cages made of mesh and placed in a well-lit, cool, well-ventilated place. After 3-5 days, they can begin to rush.

For breeding purposes, it is advisable to leave the best turkeys in the herd for the second year of productivity. In this case, egg production decreases slightly, but the incubation qualities of eggs improve. It is not recommended to use males for more than one season.

Eggs intended for incubation are stored at a temperature of plus 5, minus 8 degrees Celsius. Air humidity 80–85%. The quality of the eggs is largely dependent on the feeding of the laying turkeys. The longer eggs are stored, the worse their incubation qualities. For incubation, it is best to lay eggs that are stored for no more than 5-7 days

Growing Beans

It comes from Central America and Central Africa. Bean seeds have more protein than beef or pork, and ry is better in amino acid composition (like a chicken egg) and in calorie content (2-3 times). Shoulder beans contain 10-14% dry matter, 1.6-6.0% protein (mature seeds – up to 20% protein), 2.4-3.4% sugars, 20-30 mg% vitamin C, and a lot of vitamin B1, B2, provitamin A, in the ash – a lot of calcium, iron and phosphorus salts. Lima beans in unripe seeds contain 22-33% dry matter and 9.8-12.3% protein.

Beans are a dietary food product for both children and the elderly. It is useful for diabetics, increases the resistance of the human body to infectious diseases, is used in diseases of the liver and gallbladder. They are used in food boiled, fried, canned and frozen.

Beans are heat demanding. Seeds germinate at + 10 … 12’C, the optimum temperature for plant development is +25 … 2TC. Even mild frosts cause plant death. Does not tolerate heavy shading. Short day plant. Differs in high demands on soil moisture, especially in the period after flowering. It develops best on loose, highly fertile soils, does not tolerate acidic soils.

The best predecessors of beans are nightshade crops and root crops. Seeding 5-6 cm. Sowing pattern – wide-row (45-60 cm) with the installation of supports (trellises). The optimal plant density (60-80 pcs. Per 1m2), can be grown (like peas) in the wings of sugar or grain corn. Early ripening culture – 40-65 days pass from germination to harvesting the first beans. Care consists in loosening row spacings, removing weeds and, if necessary, conducting watering and protection measures against diseases and pests.

How to Grow Cauliflower

Cauliflower: Outdoor cultivation and care is a hot topic for gardeners. The question of how to grow our vegetable crop in open soil is of interest to many gardeners and summer residents. After all, the popularity of such a vegetable can hardly be underestimated. Such a fruit is deservedly the queen of garden crops. The high popularity of the vegetable is due to its richness in vitamins, which remain until the very end of spring, while in other fruits the vitamin composition is lost already at the beginning of winter. Everyone loves her, both raw and boiled, stewed and even baked.

To get an excellent yield of a tasty and healthy vegetable at the exit, you need to know how to grow cauliflower in the garden. Moreover, this variety is grown in open soil, but growing in a greenhouse is also quite acceptable.

The technology for growing cabbage is generally simple, but still requires certain skills, skills and knowledge.

The rules for growing cauliflower in open soil require timely feeding, regular watering and protection from various pests and diseases. After all, it is loved and appreciated not only by people, but also by many insect pests.

Fruit ripening dates are early, middle and late. It is also necessary to plant a plant depending on the ripening period of the vegetable. In the open field, as in the greenhouse, this variety is recommended to be grown from seedlings.


Growing seeds for seedlings

It is necessary to grow seeds for seedlings in a moderately warm room.

An important point! It is strictly forbidden to grow seedlings in a room with a temperature above 20 degrees! At this temperature, this vegetable variety may not form inflorescences at all.

At this stage, the seedlings must be regularly watered, loosened the soil and process the seedlings with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

Cauliflower has no urgent need to dive. This moment can be safely missed.

Which NPK ratio choose for Cauliflower?

Cauliflower grows best in a cool and moist environment with temperatures between 50-60°F. Cauliflowers need high levels of nutrients to grow, so they require fertilizers that are rich in nitrogen (N), potassium (K) and phosphorus (P). The ideal ratio for NPK is 20:20:20 or 40:40:40. It’s recommended not to use any fertilizer below this level because the crop won’t be able to absorb enough nutrients from its soil source alone. For example, if you were using a 30-30-0 N-P-K ratio instead of one at 100% strength like ours; its foliage wouldn’t turn green but stay white due to insufficient nitrogen levels.

Landing in open ground

Planting seedlings in open ground is carried out depending on the timing of its ripening. The early varieties can be planted as early as mid-May, and the later ones at the end of June.

Growing in the open field is practically no different from growing its ordinary white-headed congeners, only the care of cauliflower should be more careful. For the ripening of the vegetable to be painless, it is necessary to take care of the plant with all diligence. This vegetable crop must be regularly watered, loosened the soil, applied fertilizers, hilled it and treated it from pests and diseases.

Many gardeners and summer residents ask the question: is it necessary to pick off the leaves from the plant and how to determine when to do this? Experienced gardeners are of the opinion that, after all, this is not worth doing. This culture is very sensitive, and cutting off a dried leaf can damage a healthy one, this will have a bad effect on the condition of the plant and as a result, the fruit will turn out to be much smaller in size.

It is necessary to feed the plant at least 4 times during the entire growing season. The best fertilizer is a mullein solution.

Any kind of such a vegetable, including a colored one, is often exposed to pests and diseases. To prevent this, it is necessary to regularly spray the vegetable with a solution of onion peel, infusion of burdocks or tomato tops.

Knowing how to tackle cabbage outdoors, you can harvest a good harvest of a tasty and healthy vegetable.

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